Saiba as diferenças entre make e do

Os usos do verbo make e do verbo causam muitas dúvidas em alunos de todas as idades. Você saberia quals as diferenças entre make e do?

Veja aqui as principais formas de usar cada um desses verbos e tire suas dúvidas.

Uma das grandes dúvidas de alunos brasileiros que estão tentanto aprender inglês é o uso correto desses verbos e as diferenças entre make e do, já que, no português, o significado de ambos costuma ser aproximado ao verbo “fazer”. Mas, na língua inglesa, cada uma dessas palavras tem aplicações e usos próprios.

Quando usar make

O verbo make é usado quando algo é criado, produzido ou construído e para ações que você escolhe realizar. Isso é, a ênfase é no resultado ou produto de uma ação. Alguns exemplos:

  • She made a pie (Ela fez uma torta)
  • I’ve made some coffee (Eu fiz um pouco de café)
  • Did you really make those socks? (Você fez mesmo essas meias?)

Quando usar do

O verbo do é usado para atividades em geral, ações, obrigações e tarefas repetitivas. Aqui, o foco é no processo de agir ou realizar algo. Também é geralmente usado com palavras como nothing, anything, something ou everything. Por exemplo:

  • What did you do this weekend? (O que você fez esse final de semana?)
  • I didn’t do anything on Sunday (Não fiz nada no domingo)
  • He’s tired of doing everything himself (Ele está cansado de fazer tudo sozinho)
  • Are you doing anything interesting this weekend? (Você vai fazer algo interessante este final de semana?)

Os dois exemplos exemplos a seguir (retirados do Dicionário Cambridge) deixam mais claro quando usar um ou o outro verbo, empregando ambos numa mesma frase para introduzir ideias diferentes:

  • When I was doing [ação] the calculations, I made [resultado] two mistakes. (Quando estava fazendo os cálculos, cometi dois erros)
  • I did [ação] some work last summer; I made [resultado] a pond in her garden.  (Eu fiz uns trabalhos no último verão; fiz um lago no jardim dela)

usos-do-make-do-em-ingles

Substantivos mais usados com cada verbo

Alguns substantivos (nouns) são combinados com mais frequência com um ou com outro dos dois verbos. Veja a seguir:

Mais usados com make

apology

coffee

excuse

love

offer

remark

assumption

comment

friends

lunch

phone call

sound

bed

complaint

guess

mess

plan

soup

breakfast

dinner

law

mistake

profit

speech

cake

effort

list

money

progress

statement

change

error

loss

noise

promise

tea

Mais usados com do

activity

damage

favor

job

task

business

drawing

gardening

laundry

test

cleaning

duty

harm

one’s best

washing (up)

cooking

exam(ination)

homework

painting

work

course

exercise

ironing

shopping

Expressões com make e do

Além dos substantivos, há muitas expressões que são sempre faladas ou escritas com make ou com do, obrigatoriamente. Infelizmente, não existem regras claras para definir qual dos verbos usar, então é preciso decorá-las. Veja as listas abaixo:

Verbo Make:

Como usar o verbo make

amendsHow can I make amends?
an appointmentShe made an appointment with the dentist.
arrangementsLet’s make some arrangements.
an attemptLet’s at make an attempt to be on time.
believeTheir favourite game is to make believe that they are kings and queens.
certainI think the restaurant opens at six, but let’s make certain.
a changeI’ve made some changes.
a choiceYou need to make a choice.
a commentShe made a comment about my shirt.
a complaintHe made a complaint to the manager.
a confessionI’d like to make a confession.
a dateWhat if we make a date for next week?
a decisionI’ve made my decision.
a differenceExercising really made a difference.
a discoveryHe made a discovery.
an effortMake an effort!
an errorHe made an error on the report.
your escapeThe robbers made their escape.
an exceptionI made an exception to them today.
an excuseDid he make an excuse?
a faceThe child made a face.
a fireWe made a fire and had a hot drink.
a fool of yourselfYou’ll make a fool of yourself.
a fortuneShe made a fortune when she sold her company.
friendsShe made lots of friends.
fun ofThey love to make fun of the teacher.
a fussDon’t make a fuss!
an impressionShe certainly made an impression!
a jokeHe made a joke.
a listI must make a list.
a lossTheir business made a loss.
loveThe hero and the heroine made love.
a messWhat a mess he made!
a mistakeShe made so many mistakes.
moneyHe made a lot of money.
a moveLet’s make a move.
a noiseTry not to make a noise.
an observationCould I make an observation?
an offerShe made an offer on a painting.
a paymentI’d like to make a credit card payment.
a phone callI’m going to make a phone call.
plansHe is making plans to move to London.
a pointHe used examples to make his point.
a predictionHe made a prediction.
a profitHis business made a profit.
progressWe’re making some progress!
a promiseI made a promise to my father.
a remarkThe boss made a remark about his work.
a reservationCould you make a reservation for tonight?
a sceneShe made a scene in the café.
a soundDon’t make a sound!
a suggestionCan I make a suggestion?
sure Go and make sure.
the bedMake the bed before you leave.
time (= achar tempo para fazer algo)You need to make time to study.
troubleThat man is trying to make trouble.
a visitI need to make a visit to my aunt.
your mind upMake your mind up quickly!
your wayHe made his way to a café.

 

Verbo Do:

Como usar o verbo do

30 mph (miles per hour)Many people do more than 30 mph on this road.
badlyShe did very badly on the exam.
your bestDon’t worry, just do your best.
businessIt’s been a pleasure doing business with you.
choresI have to go home and do some chores.
a courseJohn has decided to do a course in writing.
damageThe storm has done a lot of damage to the house.
the dishes / the washing upI really hate doing the dishes.
a drawingThe little boy spent hours doing a drawing.
your dutyHe has to do his duty.
an examI have to do three exams.
exerciseJulie likes doing exercise.
an exerciseThe teacher asked us to do a lot of grammar exercises.
someone a favourMy friend did me a huge favour.
the gardeningDavid often spends Sunday doing gardening.
goodShe tries to do good.
you goodYou should eat vegetables. They’ll do you good!
your hairShe spends ages doing her hair.
harmIt did more harm than good.
homeworkHave you finished doing your homework?
houseworkLet’s do the housework quickly.
the ironingShe does the ironing.
a jobI think the students did a great job.
the laundry / the washingHe did the laundry.
your nailsShe likes to do her nails each week.
a paintingThere was an old man doing a painting.
paperworkDoes everybody hate doing paperwork?
researchI’m doing some research.
the shoppingI’ll do the shopping tomorrow.
time (= estar na cadeia)He’s doing time.
wellMy brother is doing well in his new job.
workPeter does a lot of work at the weekends.
your worstRain, do your worst!

Você já sabia como e quando usar o verbo make e o verbo do? E as principais expressões com cada um deles, já conhecia? Pode parecer difícil a princípio, mas é só estudar com atenção para o uso desses verbos se tornar mais natural.

E se você tiver dúvidas em outros tópicos da gramática inglesa, como o uso de will e going to ou can e may, ou sobre os advérbios em inglês, leia os outros artigos do nosso blog e acompanhe nossas postagens.

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